Also known as short-sightedness, Myopia is an eye disease in which one’s retina is unable to properly recognize and regulate the perception of light. This causes objects at a distance to be distorted, while objects that are near remain in focus. Particularly, myopia in Singapore affects a wildly disproportionate number of people.
The factors relating to the prevalence of myopia in Singapore are numerous. Ethnicity has been identified as playing a definite role in the development of eye disease. Chinese children appear to have the highest rate of the eye disease in Singapore while the Singapore Malay have a much lower incidence of said disorder. This may be in large part due to a genetic predisposition that exists in those of East Asian descent. Cultural and environmental factors are not to be ignored either. Reading excessively may cause aberrant optical issues in particular.
Overall, myopic eye disease is a massive public health concern in Singapore for a multitude of reasons. Firstly, the presence of myopia is felt throughout the country, as Singapore has one of the highest levels of the disease, recognized in the world. Secondly, population based studies have shown cases of myopia appearing in a large percentage of preschool age children, as well as the majority of the country’s military. Furthermore, their rate of Myopia amongst the adult Chinese population is nearly three times that of people in the United States.
Currently, research revolving around this problematic disease is based around crafting a sustainable medical approach. Doctors would like to prevent the onset of Myopia completely through analyzing various biological factors. Nonetheless data tells us that the incidence and occurrence of Myopia in Singapore are increasing, potentially leading to a profound crisis.
This growing health issue has pushed doctors to find solutions in treating those afflicted. LASIK available in Singapore can tackle the disease. Besides, one deeply promising advancement was the creation of eye drops made with a dilute solution of atropine, which has had few of the other side effects often associated with treating this pervasive, unfortunate condition.