Everybody experiences a decline in the vision with age. Some people arrive at the point where there always seems to be some cloud or smoke obstructing their sight. When they look in the mirror, they notice something whitish that is clouding their eye. These are actually symptoms of cataract.

But what exactly are cataracts, and how can people know if they have it?

Cataracts are formed inside a person’s eyes, particularly in the natural lenses. Light rays pass through the lenses and if they are clear, one’s vision should be vivid and colorful. The proteins and water are arranged in a very precise manner to give each person a clear visual of his or her surroundings. But as people get older, these elements tend to clump together, thus giving troubles to its earlier function. The light doesn’t pass through like they used to, given that the natural lenses are now cloudy.1

In turn, the person affected might experience any of the following:

  1. Gradual blurriness of sight 2.           Hints of nearsightedness  3.             Visual changes in particular colors  4.            Glare problems

All of these can result in problematic eyesight functions, like walking in broad daylight, and driving troubles at night.

Old age, however, is not the only cause of cataracts. It can be an inborn problem or a side effect of a condition one has (like diabetes). It can also be caused by trauma to the eye. There are also different types of cataracts, namely the subcapsular, nuclear, and the cortical cataract. All of these can only be diagnosed by professionals, meaning that if one experiences the symptoms mentioned above, then he should consult an eye doctor for immediate solutions.2

For some serious cases, however, it is advised that a procedure is taken into consideration. Undergoing a cataract surgery in Singapore is not only endorsed by many but is also advised by some professionals.

In some cases, people with cataracts do not even notice that they have it. Some opt to just wear glasses. But glasses are only temporary solutions because cataracts tend to get worse over time. Although one can opt out of surgery, it is widely advised by professionals due to the fact that if left untreated, it may lead to other complications, or simply make a person’s everyday life harder. Office work and home lifestyle might be affected all the same.

Nurse covering eye of patient by medical plaster

What usually happens in eye surgeries, should one choose to have it?

Basically, the operating doctors make a couple of incisions to the cornea and then create an opening in the lens capsule. The opening is only small, enough to take out the natural lenses. The lens is broken down into tinier pieces using a special ultrasound device, or sometimes a laser, to make it easier to remove.

After the lens has been taken out, they will put a new lens to replace it. The new lens is actually an artificial one since the eye cannot regenerate a new lens once the original is removed. This is called Phacoemulsification, a technique introduced to the field over forty years ago. Simply put, an artificial lens would replace a person’s already cloudy natural lens to help improve his vision.

These are just some of the facts about cataracts and its solution. A cataract surgery in Singapore would produce one of the best results all over the globe because of the country’s expertise in health care. If one needs to know more about the medical condition, he or she could find an eye specialist first for a more detailed explanation and consultation.